Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse on his way to a prayer meeting on 30 January 1948.
Every year January 30 is celebrated as the Martyr’s day in India. On this day Mahatma Gandhi was killed by fanatic Nathuram Godse. According to Nathuram Godse, he killed Gandhi because he supported the creation of Pakistan and Muslims. Godse believed that it was Gandhi who was responsible for the release of a sum of rupees 55 Crore to Pakistan in spite of its aggression in Kashmir. However, there were as many as 5 earlier attempts to kill Mahatma Gandhi and the sixth one in 1948 succeeded.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or Mahatma Gandhi who spearheaded the idea of non-violent passive resistance, popularly called Satyagraha and Savinay Avagya, and practised non-violence throughout his life, met a violent end.
On the fateful day of 30 January 1948, 78-year old Gandhi was being helped in walking by his grand-nieces from the Birla house to the lawn where he was to attend an evening prayer meeting. At that moment Nathuram Godse dressed in a jacket and blue trousers, emerged from the crowd and bowed to Mr Gandhi and greeted him with a Namaste. Nathuram Godse fired three shots from his 38 calibre Biretta of Italian manufacture at Mahatma Gandhi at point-blank range. The bullets hit the chest, stomach and the groin area of Gandhi. It is said that Gandhiji raised his hands in front of his face as if he was welcoming his assassin and his act of violence. Some historians believe that Gandhi said Hey Ram after he was shot but others think that he didn’t say it.
After being shot by Nathuram Godse, Mahatma Gandhi was carried to the Birla House where he died at about 5. 40 pm. After killing Gandhi, Nathuram tried to kill himself. However, he was overpowered by a gardener of Birla House. The crowd there started beating Nathuram Godse but police took him away to a police station. Nathuram Godse was tried in the case of conspiracy and killing of Mahatma Gandhi. Nathuram Godse along with his partner Narayan Apte was hanged at Ambala prison on November 15, 1949.