Communication is one of the most powerful media of expressing oneself. We all know that Alexander Graham Bell is credited with the invention of telephone technology as the first successful patent for the telephone was awarded to him. However, as like other inventions, some controversy is there regarding the invention of the first telephone.
Inventors such as Elisha Gray and Antonio Meucci were also pioneers in the development of the telephone. Let us examine the truth regarding the first invention of this popular device.
Who Invented Telephone ?
Although Alexander Graham Bell was the first to patent the idea on March 7, 1876, he was not the first to invent it. Actually, it was an Italian inventor Antonio Meucci who filed a caveat (an announcement of an invention) for his design of the talking telegraph in 1871. His role in the invention has been forgotten. We can, therefore, conclude that it was Antonio Meucci who first created it and Bell was the first to patent the design.
In 1876, Hungarian engineer Tivadar Puskas was the first to invent the telephone switch which made possible to develop telephone exchanges.
First Telephone Call
3 days after getting the patent for his invention, Bell made the first successful telephone call on March 10, 1876, to his assistant Thomas Watson. It was the day when, for the first time, the speech was transmitted for some distance. Now millions of calls are placed daily over this device globally.
Alexander Graham Bell
Alexander Graham Bell was born on March 3, 1847, in Edinburg, Scotland where he spent his childhood. He was the second born son of a school teacher named Alexander Melville Bell. At his childhood, he was best known for his problem-solving tactics and at the age of 12, invented a farming device to quickly remove the husk from the wheat grain.
He was an inventor, scientist, and innovator par excellence. Alexander’s research and interest in communication, as well as speech technologies were also influenced by the fact that his mother and wife both were deaf.
Bell died on August 2, 1922, due to diabetes. His Memorial stands in Brantford, Ontario to commemorate his incredible invention.
When Telephone became popular
The Telephone became popular in the first decade of its invention itself and by 1886; there were over 145,000 people in the United States who possessed it. The world soon became obsessed with it. However, it was the early 20th century when it got a firm footing. Digital telephony has enhanced capacity, quality and efficiency of the transmission network even further. Now mobile subscribers have exceeded the number of fixed-line subscribers. With soon to be introduced 5G communication network across the globe( expected by 2020), humanity has come a long way since the first voice was transmitted over this device.
A telephone converts voice communication into electrical signals that can be transferred over wires to long distances. A microphone or transmitter in it is used to input the speech while the receiver is used to hear the voice.
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