Mahatma Gandhi was the champion of non-violent philosophy of passive resistance popularly known as “Satyagraha” He was the main force behind India’s independence struggle.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in the princely state of Porbandar, Gujarat in a Hindu Modh Baniya (Merchant) family. He was born in a small, windowless, and white-washed room. At the time of Mahatma Gandhi’s birth, Porbandar was a small town on the western coast of India. It belonged to the Kathiawar region. Mahatma Gandhi was born to Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi and Putalibai Gandhi. He was the youngest child of Putalibai and Karamchand Gandhi. Gandhi’s father was the dewan (Chief Minister) of Porbandar, Rajkot and Wankaner. Mahatma Gandhi was born into a middle-class family.
In his childhood, this extraordinary man looked no different from other Indian children. Mahatma Gandhi was small and dark coloured in his childhood. Gandhi’s father Karamchand Gandhi was popularly known as Kaba Gandhi. Karamchand Uttamchand Gandhi had a very little formal education. However, his wide and vast experiences in the administration had made him the dewan of Porbandar and Rajkot. Mahatma Gandhi was called “Moniya” in his childhood. In his childhood, Mohandas was a very shy yet energetic child.
Mohandas Gandhi’s mother was a highly spiritual, gentle and devout woman who was absorbed in the Bhakti of Lord Vishnu. The spiritual environment in which Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi grew had a lasting impact on his character and mind. Mahatma Gandhi attended a local school in Porbandar for his elementary schooling. His family soon moved to Rajkot. Mahatma Gandhi had 2 elder brothers ( Laxmidas & Karsandas) and one sister (Raliyatben). Mahatma Gandhi was married to Kasturbai Gandhi in the year 1882 when both were just 13 years old. Their son Harilal was born in June 1888. Mahatma Gandhi and Kasturba had a total of four sons. Two of their sons were born in India while the other two were born in South Africa.