Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of India and one of the most prominent figures in India’s struggle for Independence, was born on 14 November 1889. That day was Thursday. Nehru was born in Allahabad (now Prayagraj), North Western-Provinces, British India. At present this area is in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. He was born in a wealthy Kashmiri Brahmin family and his father Motilal Nehru was a renowned advocate who was keen to imbibe the best mixture of western and Indian education systems to his son. It was Jawaharlal Nehru, who for the first time, moved the historic Objectives Resolution in the Constituent Assembly, which later gave way to the adoption of Fundamental Rights in the constitution of India.
Journal information about jawaharlal nehru
Until the age of 15, Nehru was tutored at home in various disciplines and later he was sent to Harrow in England to study. Nehru also attended the famous Trinity College of the Cambridge University. Nehru studied Law in England before he started his practice in India. Nehru returned to India in 1912 and actively took part in the national movement. Nehru was married to Kamala Nehru in 1916 and had Indira Gandhi as his daughter from her. In the first decade of the 20th century, Indian Nationalism turned a new chapter when socialist and liberal thoughts began to be incorporated into the mainstream. Nehru was also influenced by these socialist thoughts. When India got independence and Nehru became its first Prime Minister, he tried to model the Indian statecraft on socialist ideals. Mahatma Gandhi and Jawaharlal Nehru first met in 1916 and he was greatly inspired by Gandhi in this meeting. Hereafter, Nehru became an ardent follower of Gandhi for the rest of his life. From Kisan Sabhas to Non-Cooperation and from Civil-Disobedience to framing the constitution for independent India, Nehru is seen everywhere shaping the destiny of the country.
A statesman of the international stature, Nehru was born to lead naturally. His “tryst with destiny” speech has inspired generations of politicians and nationalists alike. Nehru was also instrumental in shaping the Non-Alignment movement which later became a new normal for the newly independent countries. Nehru inaugurated the Planning Commission which was the foremost government agency for carrying out the national development goals in a planned manner. His famous book Discovery of India is a good source of history.
The birth of Jawaharlal Nehru took place in the historic Anand Bhawan which is situated in Allahabad. The Nehru family later gave this majestic Bhawan in the service of the leaders and workers of the Indian national movement. Jawaharlal Nehru died on 27 May 1964 due to a heart attack.