Bangalore is the capital city of Karnataka. Bangalore is located on the Deccan Plateau and falls about 900 m above the sea level. Bangalore is known as Bengaluru officially. The city has a population of about 12,339,447 and covers an area of 709 sq. km. Bangalore ranks third among the most populous cities of India. Bangalore is the Information Technology hub of India and is also called the ‘Silicon Valley of India’. Bangalore is the fastest growing metropolitan city of India.
- Area: 709 sq. km
- Population: 12,339,447
- Languages: Kannada
The state of Karnataka falls in the South Western region of India. Karnataka was formed on 1st November 1956 by the State Reorganisation Act. It was initially known as the State of Mysore and was renamed as Karnataka in 1973. It shares its borders with the states of Goa, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Tamil Nadu, Kerela and Maharashtra. The state of Karnataka also borders the Arabian Sea. Karnataka stands on the fifth position in terms of the largest state economy and has the per capita income of 174,000.
History of Karnataka
Karnataka’s history dates back to the Paleolithic age. The region of Karnataka was the part of the Nanda Empire before the third century BCE. Later it was ruled by King Ashoka and formed a part of Mauryan Empire. The Battle of Talikota changed the geopolitics of Karnataka when the Vijayanagara Empire was overthrown by the Islamic sultanate in 1565.
The Maharaja of the Kingdom of Mysore, JayachamarajendraWodeyar had agreed for the accession of the kingdom to India after the independence.
Economy of Karnataka
The estimated GDP of the state of Karnataka was $115.86 billion as per the data of 2014-15. The data also asserted that Karnataka’s contribution to India’s GDP was 7.54%. With the growth rate of 17.59%, Karnataka ranked sixth among all the states of India.
Karnataka is a manufacturing center for many renowned private and public companies. Public companies such as Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL), National Aerospace Laboratories, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited and Indian Space Research Organisation are based in Karnataka.
Culture of Karnataka
The various etymological and religious ethnicities that are local to Karnataka, joined with their long accounts, have contributed massively to the fluctuated social legacy of the state. Aside from Kannadigas, Karnataka is home to Tuluvas, Kodavas and Konkanis. Minor populaces of Tibetan Buddhists and clans like the Soligas, Yeravas, Todas and Siddhis additionally live in Karnataka. The customary people expressions cover the whole range of music, dramatization, narrating by nomad troupes, and so on. Karnataka likewise has an uncommon place in the realm of Indian established music, with both Karnataka (Carnatic) and Hindustani styles discovering a place in the state, and Karnataka has delivered various stalwarts in the two styles. The Haridasa development of the sixteenth century contributed essentially to the advancement of Karnataka (Carnatic) music as a performing fine art.
Flora and Fauna
Karnataka has a rich assorted variety of greenery. It has a recorded timberland territory of 38,720 km2 (14,950 sq mi) which establishes 20.19% of the absolute topographical region of the state. These backwoods bolster 25% of the elephant and 10% of the tiger populace of India. Numerous locales of Karnataka are up ’til now unexplored, so new types of greenery are found occasionally. The Western Ghats, a biodiversity hotspot, incorporates the western locale of Karnataka. Two sub-groups in the Western Ghats, viz. Talacauvery and Kudremukh, both in Karnataka, are on the conditional rundown of World Heritage Sites of UNESCO.
Places of Interest
Karnataka has a huge diversity in its geographical parts and hence houses numerous tourist destinations. The state of Karnataka has the second highest number of protected monuments after Uttar Pradesh. Karnataka has many important wildlife sanctuaries and Nationals Parks such as Bandipur National Park, Bannerghatta National Park and Nagarhole National Park. Jog falls is India’s highest single-tiered waterfall.