The capital of Chhattisgarh is Raipur. It is the largest city of the state of Chhattisgarh. The state of Chhattisgarh was formed in 1st November 2000 and prior to this Raipur was a part of Madhya Pradesh. Raipur is had its nickname “Rice Bowl of India”. Raipur covers an area of about 226 sq. km and has a population of 1,010,087.
The State of Chhattisgarh
The state of Chhattisgarh is located in the center-east of the country. It was formed on 1st November 2000 by separating the Chhattisgarhi and Gondi speaking south-eastern districts of Madhya Pradesh. It borders Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, Maharashtra, Telangana, Andhra Pradesh and Odisha. Chhattisgarh is rich in resources and accounts for about 15% of the total electricity produced in India. Chhattisgarh also produces a substantial amount of steel.
History of Raipur
Chhattisgarh was under Maratha rule from 1741 to 1845 AD. It went under British rule from 1845 to 1947 as the Chhattisgarh Division of the Central Provinces. The Sambalpur district went to Odisha and Surguja went to Chhattisgarh from Bengal.
The region comprising the new state converged into Madhya Pradesh on 1 November 1956, under the States Reorganization Act, 1956 and remained a piece of that state for a long time. Preceding its turning into a piece of the new province of Madhya Pradesh, the area was a piece of old Madhya Pradesh State, with its capital at Bhopal. Before that, the locale was a piece of the Central Provinces and Berar (CP and Berar) under the British standard. A few regions establishing the Chhattisgarh state were regal states under the British guideline, yet later on, were converged into Madhya Pradesh.
Economy of Raipur
The economy of Raipur is dependent upon tea production, agriculture and industrial sector. Agriculture is the major occupation of Raipur. Horticulture and animal husbandry is also prominent in the city. The main crops grown are rice, maize, millets and pulses, oilseeds, groundnuts, soybeans and sunflowers.
Industrial sector also contributes substantially towards the economy of Chhattisgarh. It is one of the few states of India with well-developed electricity producing facilities. In fact, the state of Chhattisgarh supplies electricity to many other states because of the surplus electricity production.
Chhattisgarh is also known for the steel sector. The Bhilai steel plant has a production capacity of 5.4 million tonnes per year.
Culture of Chhattisgarh
It is believed that the state of Chhattisgarh had a substantial role in the life of Lord Rama. According to the epic of Ramayana, Lord Rama had started his Vanvas from the present day Bastar region of Chhattisgarh. He, along with his wife Sita and brother Lakshmana lived for about 10 years in the forests of Chhattisgarh.
Chhattisgarh also has many different religious sects. Some of them are Kabirpanth, Ramnaim Samaj and Satnami Panth.
Chhattisgarh is a hub of writing, performing expressions and specialties, all of which determines its substance and sustenance from the every day beneficial encounters of its kin. Religion, folklore, social and political occasions, nature and fables are most loved themes. Conventional specialties incorporate painting, woodcarving, ringer metal specialty, bamboo product and innate gems. Chhattisgarh has a rich scholarly legacy with roots that lie somewhere down in the sociological and chronicled developments of the area. Its writing mirrors the territorial awareness and the advancement of a character unmistakable from others in Central India.
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