Madhya Pradesh is an Indian state which lies in central India. The state of Madhya Pradesh is also known as the “Heart of India” due to its location. It is the second largest state of India in terms of territorial area and ranks fifth in terms of population. It shares its borders with the state of Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Maharashtra, Gujarat and Rajasthan. After the independence of India, the state of Madhya Pradesh was created with Nagpur as its capital. The state of Madhya Pradesh initially included the north-eastern portion of today’s Maharashtra. The state of Madhya Pradesh is extremely rich in minerals and happens to be the largest reserve of diamond and copper in India. It is also very prominent for its tourism capabilities.
The capital of Madhya Pradesh
The capital of Madhya Pradesh if Bhopal. The city of Bhopal is also known as the “city of lakes” as it comprises of numerous awe-inspiring natural and artificial lakes. Bhopal is counted among one of the greenest cities of India. It has the population of about 1,798,218 and covers around 285 sq. km of area. Bhopal is a rapidly developing the city of India. Bhopal was one of the twenty Indian cities chosen to be developed as smart cities under the Smart Cities Mission of Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
- Area: 285 sq.km
- Population: 1,798,218
- Languages: Hindi
- History of Bhopal
As indicated by old stories, Bhopal was established in the eleventh century by the king of Paramara, Bhoja, who ruled from his capital at Dhar. This hypothesis expresses that Bhopal was initially known as Bhojpal after a dam (buddy) built by the king’s minister. No archaeological proof, engravings or authentic writings bolster the case around a prior settlement established by Bhoja at a similar place. An elective hypothesis says that the city is named after another ruler called Bhupala (or Bhupal).
In the mid-eighteenth century, Bhopal was a little town in the Gond kingdom. The cutting-edge Bhopal city was set up by Dost Mohammad Khan (1672– 1728), a Pashtun fighter in the Mughal army. After the passing of the head Aurangzeb, Khan began giving soldier of fortune administrations to nearby chieftains in the politically precarious Malwa district. In 1709, he went up against the rent of Berasia bequest and later attached a few regions in the area to build up the Bhopal State. Khan got the domain of Bhopal from the Gond ruler Kamlapati in lieu of installment for hired soldier benefits and usurped her kingdom after her death. In the 1720s, he assembled the Fatehgarh stronghold in the town, which formed into the city of Bhopal throughout the following couple of decades.
Bhopal Gas Tragedy
Bhopal is also known for a gas tragedy that is the worst industrial disaster in the world till today. In December 1984, the Union Carbide India Limited pesticide plant leaked around 32 tons of poisonous and toxic gases including methyl isocyanate. It claimed around 4000 lives within a few hours of the leakage. Many people died at a later stage due to the harmful effects of the leaked gases. The harmful effects of the gases can be witnessed even today. Diseases like blindness, skin disorder, a breathing disorder, neurological imbalance and psychological problems are being faced by people even today.
Culture of Bhopal
Diwali and Eid are real celebrations in Bhopal. Endowments and desserts are traded and a gift is made to poor people. Diwali is commended by reversing the riches goddess Lakshmi. Eid is extraordinary to the city as every one of the Hindus invests significant time to visit their Muslim companions and welcome them and get treated with rarities, the forte of the day being sweet sewaiya. Bhopali culture is with the end goal that the two Hindus and Muslims visit each other on their particular celebrations to welcome and trade desserts. Amid Ganesh Puja and Durga Puja (Navratras), icons of Ganesh and Durga are built up in jhankis all through the city. Individuals crowd to offer petitions to their divinities. Toward the finish of Navratras, upon the arrival of Vijayadashami (or Dussehra), enormous likenesses of Ravan are sung in various parts of the city