Born on July 4, 1898, in Sialkot, Punjab, Gulzarilal Nanda was twice elected as the caretaker Prime Minister of India. Besides being an important person in India’s politics and the Congress party, Mr Gulzarilal Nanda was also an efficient and celebrated economist.
Guljari Lal Nanda Ji belonged to a Punjabi family and according to the details, his caste was “Khatri”. But in some of the mentioned cases, he was also related to the Gujjar family. People with Nanda surname are found particularly in Punjab, Odisha and Delhi. The Nanda surname of Orissa is used by people of Brahmin caste whereas the people of Punjab and North India are related to Khatri caste.
Gulzarilal Nanda was born in the family of Bulaki Ram Nanda and Ishwar Devi Nanda. He was educated at Lahore, Agra and Prayagraj (Allahabad). After his education in Prayagraj (formerly Allahabad), Mr Gulzarilal Nanda worked as a research student on labour problems in Allahabad University (1920-1921). After this, he was elected in 1921 as a professor of economics at the National College (Bombay).
After the death of the then Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru in 1964, Mr Gulzarilal Nanda took oath as the acting Prime Minister of India on May 27, 1964. He worked as the acting prime minister of India till 9 June 1964. Shri Nanda was sworn in for the second time as the acting Prime Minister of India on January 11, 1966, when Mr Lal Bahadur Shastri died in mysterious circumstances in Tashkent. His second term as the acting Prime Minister was only for 13 days, which ended on January 24, 1966, when Indira Gandhi became the next Prime Minister of India.
Gulzarilal Nanda was a man of high ideals. After retiring from politics he didn’t have a regular source of income and was forced to evict his New Delhi house as he was unable to pay the rent. He would not accept money even from his good wishers and lived a very simple life. Shri Gulzarilal Nanda died in 1997.