The capital of Uttarakhand is Dehradun. Dehradun is located in the Garhwal region. Dehradun is being developed as one of the ‘Counter Magnets’ of the National Capital Region. The objective is to control the migration and rapid population growth in the NCR region. The city is located in the Doon valley and falls between the river Ganga and Yamuna. It covers an area of about 300 sq. km and has a population of 578,420. Dehradun falls in the close proximity to famous hill stations of India such as Mussoorie and Auli.
- Area: 300 sq. km
- Population: 578,420
- Languages: Hindi, Garhwali, English
The state of Uttarakhand
Uttarakhand is a northern state of India. Formerly known as Uttaranchal, it is also called Devabhumi owing to the fact that it houses many Hindu Temples. The state is surrounded by the Himalayas and is one of the most beautiful hill stations of India. It shares its borders with Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and Haryana. It also shares its borders with Nepal and Tibet. It covers an area of about 53,483 sq. km and has a population of about 10,086,292. Uttarakhand is well known for triggering the Chipko Movement during the 1970s. The state of Uttarakhand was formed in 2000 after the division of the state of Uttar Pradesh.
History of Dehradun
The city of Dehradun has rich historical references in the epic of Mahabharata and Ramayana. According to Ramayana, Lord Rama and Lakshmana visited the region of present-day Dehradun after the battle between Lord Rama and Ravana. The city also finds its mentioning in the epic of Mahabharata. It is believed that Dronacharya, the Guru of Kauravas and Pandavas was born in Dehradun.
The region of Dehradun was known as Sudhanagra in the seventh century. Later it came to be known as Kalsi. The importance of the region on the economic scale can be deduced from the fact that Ashoka Edicts were found in the region along the banks of Yamuna.
Famous Places Of Dehradun
Indian Military Academy: The Indian Military Academy is located in the city of Dehradun. It was established in 1932. IMA is the training academy for the officers of the Indian Army. It is one of the most important institutions pertaining to the defense.
Khalanga Memorial: The Khalanga Memorial is situated in the city of Dehradun and is the saga of the bravery of the Gorkhas. The memorial depicts the battle of Nalapani, which took place between the British East India Company and Nepal between 1814 and 1816. Khalanga Memorial was built by the British to honor General Bilbhadra Thapa, the General of the Gorkhas. It is perhaps the first memorial which is built by an enemy to honor its opponent.
Robber’s Cave: The Robber’s Cave is a river cave formation in the Himalayas. It is located approximately 8 km from the center of the city of Dehradun. The name of the cave is based on the fact that it used to be the hideout of the famous Dacoit, Sultana Daku.
Forest Research Institute: Forest Research Institute or ‘FRI’ is an establishment in the field of woods looks into in India. The organization is one of the most established and greatest timberland based preparing foundations in India. The establishment is known for its examination work and great engineering that dates to British Raj. FRI is associated with the Forest Research Institute University and is endorsed by the University Grants Commission (UGC). The point of the foundation is to achieve the requirements of the Indo-Gangetic fields of Punjab, Haryana, Chandigarh, Delhi and Western Uttar Pradesh, just as the U.P. Himalayas
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