The capital of Tripura is Agartala. It is counted among the largest cities of North-eastern part of India. It also happens to be one of the fastest developing cities in India. The city covers an area of about 76.5 sq. km and has a population of about 438,408. It is the second most populous city in the North-east. The average literacy rate of the city is 94.45%. Hinduism is the main religion of the city with a 94% share in the population. Durga Puja is one of the major festivals of the city.
- Are 76.5 sq. km
- Population: 438,408
- Languages: Bengali, Kokborok, English
Information of Tripura
Tripura is a North-eastern state of India. It is the third smallest state of India with an area of about 10,491 sq. km. It shares its borders with Assam and Mizoram. It also shares its borders with Bangladesh. It is counted among the most literate states of India with the average literacy rate of 87.75%. Tripura has just one major highway, which is National Highway 8. It connects the state with the rest of India.
History of Tripura
The mentioning of Tripura can be found in the epic of Mahabharata, religious texts such as the Puranas and in the edicts of Ashoka. It was ruled by the rulers of the Twipra Kingdom.
The state was made princely state by the British during the colonial period. The region was divided into two parts, namely, Tippera district and Hill Tippera. The Tippera district was controlled by the king under the supervision of the British whereas the Hill Tippera was the independent territory. After the independence of India, the Tippera district went to Bangladesh and the Hill Tippera formed the present day Tripura.
The Ujjayanta palace located in the capital of Tripura, Agartala is one of the major tourist attractions of the state. It was a royal palace of the state.
Flora and Fauna
The state had a forest cover of around 57% as per the data of 2011. Three different ecosystems exist in Tripura namely, mountain, freshwater, and forest. Deciduous forests are found in the state.
The state also comprises numerous wildlife sanctuaries and national parks. Some of the major wildlife sanctuaries are Gumti, Rowa, Trishna and Sipahijola. Some important national parks are Rajbari National Park and Clouded Leopard National Park.
Economy of Tripura
The GDP of Tripura for 2010-11 was Rs. 129.47 billion. The annual per capita of the state was Rs 38,493. The state’s economy is largely dependent on the tertiary sector, which had the share of 53.98% towards the economy of the state.
Half of the population of the state is dependent on the agricultural sector. The major crop grown in the state is rice.
Culture of Tripura
The major ethnic groups of Tripura are Bengali, Tripuri including Mizo, Jamatia and Chakma and, tribal groups such as Oraon and Santhal. Bengali is the major ethnolinguistic group of the state.
Bamboo and cane handicrafts are the prominent artists of the state. Music and dance form an integral part of the culture of the state. Some of the prominent indigenous musical instruments of Tripura are Sarinda, Sumui, and Chongpreng.
Tripura Sundari is the patron goddess of the Hindus of the state. The major festivals of the state are Durga Puja, Dolyatra, Kali Puja and the worship of the Chaturdasha deities. The famous Jagannath Temple is located in the capital of Tripura, Agartala.