Tamil Nadu is the southernmost state of the Indian subcontinent. It borders Puducherry, Kerela, Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. It is covered by the Eastern Ghats on the north and Nilgiri Hills on the West. It borders Bay of Bengal in the east. Tamil Nadu is counted among the Indian states with the highest Human Development Index. Tamil Nadu has the second largest state in terms of economy. It has the Gross Domestic Product of Rs. 16.78 lakh crore and has the Per Capita income of Rs. 167,000. Tamil Nadu was one of the seven states with high “Multidimensional Development Index” according to a report published by the RBI IN 2013.
Tamil Nadu Capital
Tamil Nadu’s capital is Chennai. It was formerly known as Madras. Chennai is located on the Coromandel Coast. The city of Chennai is the biggest cultural, economic and educational center of South India. Chennai ranks fourth among the cities with the highest urban population. Chennai along with some adjoining regions form the Chennai Metropolitan Area, which ranks 36 in terms of largest urban population in the world. Chennai was regarded as the safest city in India by the Quality of Living Survey. The city of Chennai covers an area of about 426 sq. km and has a population of about 7,088,000. About 45% of the health tourists in India visit Chennai and hence Chennai is called the “India’s Health Capital”.
- Area: 426 sq. km
- Population: 7,088,000
- Languages: Tamil
- History of Chennai
The regions surrounding the present day Chennai has served as important military, an administrative and economic center for many centuries. The region of present Chennai was ruled by the Cholas between 1st and 12th century.
The Pallavas of Kanchi constructed the regions of Mahabalipuram and Pallavaram amid the rule of Mahendravarman I. They additionally defeated a few kingdoms including the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas who controlled over the territory before their landing. Etched caverns and works of art have been recognized from that period. Ancient coins dating to around 500 BC have additionally been uncovered from the city and its encompassing regions. A segment of these discoveries had a place with the Vijayanagara Empire, which managed the locale amid the medieval period.
The region of Chennai saw the arrival of the Portuguese in 1522 and built a port called Sao Tome.
Subsequently, the region saw the arrival of East India Company in around 1639. During this time, Francis Day of the East India Company had visited the Chandragiri palace. His motive was to obtain approval for the grant of land on the Coromandel Coast so that they could build factories and warehouse for trading activities. They allowed a piece of land later the East India Company built Fort St. George, which was the first main British settlement in India.
After the independence of India in 1947, the city turned into the capital of Madras State, which was renamed as Tamil Nadu in 1969. The rough tumults of 1965 against the obligatory burden of Hindi and in the help of English in India in the state denoted a noteworthy move in the political elements of the city and in the end, it highly affected the entire state. Due to Madras and its kin, English presently exists in India, generally, Hindi may have been made the sole authority dialect in India. On 17 July 1996, the city known as Madras was authoritatively renamed Chennai, in accordance with what was then an across the country pattern to utilizing less Anglicized names. On 26 December 2004, an Indian Ocean wave lashed the shores of Chennai, executing 206 individuals in Chennai and forever modifying the coastline.
Arts and Culture of Chennai
The city of Chennai has lots of Museums and Galleries, which are the major tourist attraction. The city of Chennai has one of the oldest Museum, the Government Museum and the oldest Gallery, the National Art Gallery. The Fort St. George has a Fort Museum in its premises, which has the collection of some of the oldest objects of British era.
Chennai also happens to be the hub of music and art in India. The city is extremely famous for its classical dance shows. Chennai has some of the most important centers for Bharat Natyam, which is one of the oldest classical dance of India and originated in Tamil Nadu.
Economy of Chennai
The region of Chennai Metropolitan Area is ranked 4th to 6th in terms of most productive metro area of India. Chennai is well developed in the field of technology and has plenty of automobile, computer, hardware and healthcare sectors. The GDP of the Chennai Metropolitan Area is about $86 billion. Chennai is also known by the nickname “Detroit of India” due to a large number of the automobile industry.