The capital of Sri Lanka is divided into two parts, which are the administrative part and the commercial part. Colombo happens to be the commercial capital of Sri Lanka. With regards to area, it is the largest city in the country. Apart from being a financial center of the country, it is also a very prominent tourist destination of the country. It covers an area of about 37.31 sq. km and has a population of about 752,993.
The administrative capital of Sri Lanka is the city of Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte. It covers an area of around 17 sq. km and has a population of 115,826. It is situated within the city of Colombo.
Facts About Sri Lanka
The country is located in South Asia. The Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is the official name of the country. It shares its borders with by the Indian Ocean, the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian Sea. The country known was as Ceylon during the British colonial rule. It is the founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). It is separated from India by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait.
Area: 65,610 sq. km
Languages: Sinhala, Tamil
History of the Country
The first invasion on the island of the country took place in 237 BC during the rule of Suratissa. He was defeated by the two horse traders, Sena and Guttika. They belonged to South India. Subsequently, a Chola King Ellalan invaded the island in 205 BC.
Buddhism has always remained an important religion of the island country. The Fourth Buddhist Council of Theravada Buddhism was held in the country in 25 BC.
A female ruler Anula of Anuradhapura ruled the island country from 47 to 42 BC. It was the only country to have a female ruler.
The British captured and colonized the country in 1796. The objective behind capturing the island was to prevent France from capturing the island and coastal areas of the island during the Napoleonic war. The Treaty of Amiens in 1802 gave control of the island country to the British East India Company. It got independence from the British rule on 4th February 1948.
The Economy of the Country
The International Monetary Fund has kept Sri Lanka on the second position in the whole South Asia in terms of purchasing power parity. The main pillar of its economy is the production and export of rubber, cinnamon and Ceylon tea. Other important industries of the country are textiles, telecommunications, and finance industries. Many ports were built on the island country during the British rule and this established the country as a major economic and trade center in South Asia. One of the major ports of the country, the Port of Colombo is located in the capital of Sri Lanka.
The culture of the Country
The culture of the country is largely influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism. The two major cultural groups of the country are the Sinhalese and the Tamil. The Buddhist festival, Esala Perahera is one of the major festivals of the country. Thai Pongal and Maha Shivaratri are other important festivals of the country. Volleyball is the national sport of the country whereas cricket is the most famous sport.