The capital of South Africa is divided into three parts on the basis of executive, judiciary and legislative. The city of Pretoria is the executive capital of South Africa. The seat of the administrative branch of the government of the country is in Pretoria. It is a prominent city of the country especially in the field of education. It has three renowned universities that are famous all over the world. It also happens to be the hub of academic research.
Bloemfontein is the judicial capital of South Africa. It is a major city of the country as it houses the significant judicial institutions of the country. The supreme court of appeal of South Africa is located in the city of Bloemfontein. The city is the major tourist destination of the country. Some famous museums such as the National Women’s Monument and the Anglo-Boer War Museum is located in the city. Bloemfontein is also known by the name “city of roses” which can be attributed to the fact that the city has an abundance of roses and festivals.
Cape Town happens to be the legislative capital of South Africa. It is the oldest city in the country. The Parliament of the country is located in Cape Town. The International Council of Societies of Industrial Design regarded Cape Town as the World Design Capital in 2014. The New York Times regarded the city as the best place in the world to visit in 2014.
Facts about South Africa
It is the southernmost country of the African continent. The Republic of South Africa is the official name of the country. It shares its borders with Namibia, Botswana, Eswatini, Mozambique, and Zimbabwe. It is a country with many distinct ethnic groups and cultures. Many languages are spoken in the country.
- Area: 1,221,037
- Population: 57,725,600
- Languages: English, Afrikaans, Zulu, Xhosa, Northern Sotho, Southern Sotho, Venda, Tsonga,Swazi, Tswana, Southern Ndebele.
History of the Country
The arrival of the Dutch on the continent took place in the 17th century. In 1647, two employees met with a shipwreck in the cape. They were stuck on the island for three months and survived with the help provided by the native of the cape. After returning to Holland, those employees reported that cape would be a perfect halt to dock ships en route long voyages. The significant settlement of the Dutch in the Cape took place in 1652. The Dutch East India Company established Cape as Cape Town. The British took control of the city of Cape Town in the early 19th century. Cape Town and its neighboring regions were ceded to the British after the Napoleonic Wars. It became a part of the British Empire.
The British had enacted many local laws to regulate the settlement and movement of the natives of the country. This was one of many reasons that prompted the natives to begin anti-British movements. Finally, in 1931, the country got independence from the British control through the Statute of Westminster.
It was one among many African countries where the evil system of apartheid was prevalent. It began in 1948 when the National Party of the country took power. It promoted the racial segregation and divided the society of the country on the basis of skin color. The Whites, who formed the minority of the country, were the privileged one and controlled the Blacks, who were the majority.
The Economy of the Country
The country has a mixed type of economy. The GDP per capita of the country in terms of purchasing power parity was $11,750 in 2012. According to the reports of the World Bank Group, South Africa has one of the largest gaps between the per capita GDP and Human Development Index. Tourism is the basis of the country’s economy.