Kohima is the capital of the state of Nagaland. It was formerly known as Kewhira. It covers an area of about 20 sq. km and has a population of around 99,039. The city is surrounded by the Naga Hills, which lie on the border of India and Myanmar. The city was founded in 1878 by the British. The indigenous tribe of Kohima is Angami Naga. The capital of Nagaland, Kohima occupies a substantial place in the world history. During World War 2, the Battle of Kohima between the British Indian Army and the Japanese was one of the turning points of the battle. The Japanese had lost and this ended their campaign to capture Burma, present Myanmar.
Information about Nagaland
Nagaland is a north-eastern state of India. It shares its borders with Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, and Manipur. It also shares its borders with Myanmar. With an area of about 16,597 sq. km it is one of the smallest states of India. The major tribes of the state are Chang, Konyak, Lotha, Sangtam, and Sumi. The major part of the state is covered by mountainous regions.
- Area: 16,597
- Population: 1,980,602
- Languages: English
History of Nagaland
The information about the Nagaland state pertaining to its ancient formation is not certain. It is believed that the ancient tribes migrated to the north-eastern part of India and settled in groups with their sovereign chiefs and rulers. One of such groups founded Nagaland. Burma has invaded the tribes of Nagaland many times. They have indulged in wars and persecution of those tribes. The capital of Nagaland, Kohima had a substantial number of tribal settlers.
The British East India Company started expanding their empire in India in the 19th century. They extended their reign up to the Naga Hills. The British were mainly concerned about capturing Assam for the production of tea. But this was not possible without taking under control the Naga tribes. The British tried using their military power to suppress the Naga tribes. There were about 10 military actions by the British between 1839 and 1850. All these attempts failed to owe to the bravery and warfare tactics of the Naga tribe. Thereafter the British changed their attitude towards the tribe and adopted a policy of non-interference. The capital of Nagaland, Kohima has 80% Christian population.
As per the information about the Nagaland state, it formed a part of Assam after the independence of India. Subsequently, the protest began under the leadership of Naga National Council for the demand of political union for the indigenous peoples of Nagaland. They demanded their separate identity from that of Assam. Finally, in 1960 Nagaland became a full-fledged state of India.
Flora and Fauna
One-sixth area of the state comprises of evergreen forests. Bamboo, timber and Mahogany forests are found in abundance.
The state has many rare species of fauna in the state. The Great Indian Hornbill and Blyth’s Tragopan are the most famous and unique birds found in the state.
The GDP of the state as per the data of 2011-12 was Rs. 12,065 crore. The literacy rate of the state is significantly high at 80.5%. The major share in the GDP of the state is of agriculture and forestry. Minerals such as coal, nickel, iron, cobalt, chromium, marble and limestone are found in abundance.
Being located in the hilly and forest area, the state is extremely good in terms of tourism. The rich culture of the state which comprises of wildlife and its history are liked very much by the tourists. The Hornbill Festival of the state is another major tourist attraction.