The capital of Mizoram is Aizawl. Recently, on 3rd October 2018, Aizawl had hosted the third Xchange North East Youth NGO Summit. The city has a population of about 293,416. The Mizo ethnic group forms the major part of the population of Aizawl. The city covers an area of about 457 sq. km. Aizawl is the largest city of Mizoram and is the center of administration.
- Area: 457 sq. km
- Population: 293,416
- Languages: Mizo
The State of Mizoram
Mizoram is the north-eastern state of India. Mizos are the ethnic group of Mizoram. The state of Mizoram shares its borders with Tripura, Assam and Manipur. The state also shares its borders with Bangladesh and Myanmar. The state has a population of 1,091,014. It is the second least populous state of India. The state covers an area of about 21,087, out of which, 91% in the forest.
History of Mizoram
Mizoram was the part of Assam until 1972. In 1972 it was made union territory and subsequently became a full-fledged state of India.
By the time India got independence, the number of tribal chiefs in the region of Mizoram has gone up to 200. The Mizo Union was formed under the leadership of the educated Mizos to campaign against the tribal chiefdoms. The campaign resulted in the enactment of the Assam-Lushai District (“Acquisition of Chief’s Rights”) Act, 1954, which abolished the hereditary rights of about 250 chiefs of the tribe.
The mautam famine that took place in 1959-60 sparked outrage among the Mizos and they alleged careless attitude of the central government towards that famine. A new political organization, the Mizo National Front was formed in 1961 to demand independence from India. The protests also included armed insurgency. Subsequently, the Mizoram Peace Accord was signed between the government of India and the MNF in 1986, after which Mizoram became the full-fledged state of India.
Religion and Culture of Mizoram
The main religion of the state of Mizoram is Christianity. It accounts for about 87% of the total population. Buddhism is the second largest population of Mizoram constituting about 8.5% of the total population.
The major festivals of the state are Chapchar Kut, Thalfavang Kut, Mim Kut, and Pawl Kut. Most of these traditional festivals of Mizoram is celebrated around the time of Jhum cultivation.
Economy of Mizoram
As per the data of 2011-12, the state of Mizoram had Gross State Domestic Product of about $970 million. The state of Mizoram is very important in terms of export and import to south-east Asian nations.
The economy of the state of Mizoram is mainly based on agriculture. Around 60% of the total population of Mizoram is involved in agricultural activities. Rice is the largest and most widely grown crop of Mizoram.
Mizoram also happens to be the largest producer of bamboos in India. The state grows about 22 species of bamboos. The fishery is also a main economic activity of the state. About 5200 metric tons of fish are produced in Mizoram every year.