Kerela is a southwestern state of India which lies on the Malabar coast. The state of Kerela was formed on 1st November 1956 via the states reorganization act. The formation of the state of Kerela was substantiated by combining the Malayalam speaking regions of southern India. The state of Kerela shares its borders with the state of Tamilnadu and Karnataka. Kerela also borders Lakshadweep sea and Arabian sea. Malayalam is the official language of Kerela and is also the most spoken language of Kerela. The state of Kerela has the lowest population growth rate among all the Indian states. Kerela is one of the most modern states of India with highest Human development index, highest literacy rate and highest life expectancy.
Capital of Kerela
The capital of Kerela is Thiruvananthapuram. Thiruvananthapuram was earlier known as Trivandrum. It is the largest as well as the most populous city of the state of Kerala. It has a population of about 957,730. Thiruvananthapuram is the Information Technology hub and contributes a massive 55% towards the total exports of Kerela. The city lies on the low coastal hills and was termed as the ‘ Evergreen city of India’ by Mahatma Gandhi.
- Area: 2014 sq. Km
- Population: 957,730
- Languages: Malayalam, English
History of Thiruvananthapuram
The city of Thiruvananthapuram has an ancient history which dates back to 1000 BCE. The Ays is believed to be the early ruler of Thiruvananthapuram. The city of Thiruvananthapuram has witnessed numerous battles in ancient times. Battle of the Ays with the Chola and Pandyan dynasties are counted among the important battles of Thiruvananthapuram. The death of the Ays king Vikramaditya Varaguna in 925 AD led to the fall of the Ays dynasty and witnessed the rise of the Chera dynasty.
Marthanand Verma founded the kingdom of Thiruvithamkoor in 1729 and Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital. There was a substantial development in the field of intellectualism and arts during this period.
The reign of Maharaja Swathi Thirunal in the 19th century is considered to be the golden yod Thiruvananthapuram. The first English school of Thiruvananthapuram was established during this period. There were many other developments such as the establishment of Observatory, General hospital and the Oriental Research Institute and Manuscript Library.
Thiruvananthapuram was made the capital of Thiru-Kochi, which was a state formed by the merger of Travancore and Kochi. Subsequently, the state of Kerala was established in 1956 and Thiruvananthapuram was made its capital.
Culture of Thiruvananthapuram
Thiruvananthapuram is considered to be the cultural hub if southern India. It is loads of green landscapes. The rich culture of Thiruvananthapuram can be attributed to the fact that the rulers of the erstwhile Travancore took a substantive interest in developing arts and architectures. There are numerous annual literature festivals such as Kovalam Literary Festival which is celebrated in the city of Thiruvananthapuram.
Thiruvananthapuram is also famous for Padmanabhaswamy Temple. The Thiruvananthapuram zoo is one of the oldest zoos of India.
Thiruvananthapuram is also famous for Malayalam Film Industry which was established in Thiruvananthapuram. The International Film Festival of Kerala is hosted every year in Thiruvananthapuram and is the largest film festival in Asia.
Thiruvananthapuram is counted among the technologically advanced cities. Its economy is mainly based on education, Information Technology, aerospace, plantations and tourism activities. Thiruvananthapuram has the share of 10.31% towards Kerela’s GDP. Thiruvananthapuram was also included in the list of top 10 Indian cities in terms of vibrancy and consumption index in a study conducted by a financial services firm Morgan Stanley.
Thiruvananthapuram is the centre of aerospace research in India. The renowned Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, which happens to be the main research centre of ISRO is located in Thiruvananthapuram.