The capital of Jharkhand is Ranchi. The city of Ranchi was the core of the Jharkhand movement. The capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi has been selected as one of the hundred cities to be developed as a smart city under Smart City Mission. The city covers an area of about 652 sq. km and has a population of about 1,073,440. The capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi is situated on the southern part of Chota Nagpur Plateau.
- Area: 652 sq. km
- Population: 1,073,440
- Languages: Hindi, English
The State of Jharkhand
The state of Jharkhand is situated in eastern part of India. It was formed on 15th November 2000. It shares its borders with the states of Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal and Orissa. It covers an area of about 79,710 sq. km.
History of Jharkhand
Jharkhand, one of India’s most current states, was cut out of the southern part of Bihar in 2000. Statehood was the perfection of a long battle continued fundamentally by the Adivasis, or Scheduled Tribes (an official term connected basically to indigenous networks that fall outside the dominating Indian standing chain of command). during the Jharkhand movement, the capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi worked at its center. The movement aimed at creating a separate state for the tribal population of the regions of South Bihar, northern Orissa, and the western West Bengal. Indian autonomy conveyed a generally minimal financial advantage to the general population of the Jharkhand zone, which prompted boundless discontent with the Bihar organization, especially among the ancestral people groups. The inborn gatherings started a call for autonomy from Bihar, and during the 1980s they wound up activist in their interest.
Flora and Fauna
More than one-fourth of the state’s territory region is forested. Most backwoods happen on the Chota Nagpur level; those on the plain to a great extent have been cleared to permit the development of the land. The characteristic vegetation is a deciduous forest; Chota Nagpur is rich in sal, a profitable hardwood. Different trees incorporate the asan (Terminalia tomentosa), the leaves of which give nourishment to the silkworms of the sericulture business, just as a few trees that are critical in the creation of lac (a resinous substance used to make varnishes). The tree indigenously known as mahua (Madhuca longifolia) yields a sweet edible flower that is utilized to make alcohol. Bamboo and bhabar (an Indian fiber grass; Ischaemum angustifolium) from Chota Nagpur supply crude materials for paper fabricate.
The per capita annual income of the state is $726.8. It is immensely rich in mineral resources. It is a major source of government revenue in addition to the key to the state’s development. Jharkhand is the leading producer of mineral resources such as iron ore, mica, copper ore, uranium and asbestos. Coal, bauxite, graphite and silver are also found in abundance in the stae. The capital of Jharkhand, Ranchi is highly dependent on these minerals for its economy.
Agriculture is also an important factor pertaining to Jharkhand’s economy. The major food crops grown in the are rice, maize, wheat, pulses, potatoes, cabbage, pumpkin and papaya.