The state of Haryana lies in the northern part of India. It was separated from the state of Punjab on linguistic basis on 1st November 1996. Haryana is one of the wealthiest cities of entire South Asia and ranks fifth among the Indian states with highest per capita income. Haryana is also one of the richest states in terms of sceneries and has some very beautiful and awe-inspiring landscapes. Haryana is well developed in the field of agriculture. The agriculture in Haryana experienced boost after the Green Revolution in Haryana in 1960 and the construction of Bhakra Dam in 1963.
Capital of Haryana
The capital city of Haryana is Chandigarh. The word Chandigarh is comprised of two words, Chandigarh and Garh. Chandi is a Hindu goddess and Garh implies post. Chandigarh is a Union Territory of India and furthermore happens to be the capital of Haryana. It is administered by the local government. The city of Chandigarh is the piece of the Chandigarh Capital Region. Chandigarh Capital Region incorporates the locale of Panchkula, Mohali, Zirakpur, Kurli and Kharar. Chandigarh city is likewise extremely surely understood for its travel industry and legacy. Truth be told, Chandigarh’s Capitol Complex was proclaimed as World Heritage by UNESCO in July 2016. The city of Chandigarh is spread more than 114 sq. Km and has the number of inhabitants in around 1,055,450.
- Area: 114 sq. Km
- Population: 1,055,450
- Languages: Punjabi, English, Hindi
- History of Chandigarh
Chandigarh has an unmistakable history post-Indian freedom. After the parcel of India in 1947, the territory of Punjab was isolated. West Punjab went to Pakistan while east Punjab turned into the piece of India. The issue of picking another capital for Punjab excite as the past capital, Lahore had turned into the piece of Pakistan after the parcel of India. The assignment of building up another city called ‘Chandigarh’ that would fill in as the capital of Punjab was given to an American modeler and organizer Albert Mayor in 1949. Chandigarh city was assembled totally by 1960 and till then Shimla filled in as the capital of Punjab.
Geography of Chandigarh
The city of Chandigarh is situated in the lower regions of the Shivalik scope of Himalayas. It lies in the northern fields and because of this contains tremendous fruitful land.
The atmosphere of Chandigarh is damp subtropical sort with 1110.7 mm of yearly precipitation.
Economy of Chandigarh
Chandigarh is considered as a real part of one of the wealthiest urban areas of India. The Reserve Bank of India had positioned Chandigarh as the third biggest store focus across the country in 2012. Having the per capita salary of Rs. 99, 262, Chandigarh is one of the wealthiest urban communities of India. Chandigarh positioned fourth out of 50 urban areas in a 2014 study of “rising re-appropriating and IT administrations goals”. It positioned superior to Beijing.
Culture and Religion
Hinduism is the primary religion of Chandigarh and about 80.78% of the number of inhabitants in Chandigarh pursues Hinduism. Sikhism is another critical religion of Chandigarh and is trailed by 13.11% of the populace.
Aside from being wealthy in riches, Chandigarh is additionally wealthy in culture and customs. Ramlila occasion is led each year in the long stretch of September or October amid the celebration of Navratri. The Rose Festival is directed each year in the period of February were more than a great many subtypes of rose appear. Another well-known celebration celebrated in Chandigarh is the Mango Festival. It is praised each year amid the storm. A portion of alternate celebrations that are praised in Chandigarh is Christmas, Easter and Good Friday.