The city of Delhi is officially known as the National Capital Territory of Delhi. It is the capital of India. It is union territory and also includes the region of New Delhi, the capital of India. It is the centre of the National Capital Region. It shares its borders with the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. It covers an area of about 1,484 sq. km. As per the census of 2011, the city had the second largest population of India measuring about 11 million.
History of Delhi
The region around the city was presumably possessed before the second thousand years BCE and there is proof of persistent inhabitation since at any rate the sixth century BCE. It is believed to be the site of Indraprastha, which was the capital of the Pandavas in the epic of Mahabharata.
Amid the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the city tumbled to the powers of East India Company after a grisly battle known as the Siege of Delhi. The city went under the immediate control of the British Government in 1858. It was made a region territory of Punjab. In 1911, it was reported that the capital of British held domains in India was to be exchanged from Calcutta to Delhi. The name “New Delhi” was given in 1927, and the new capital was introduced on 13 February 1931. New Delhi, otherwise called Lutyens’ Delhi, was formally pronounced like the capital of the Union of India after the nation picked up freedom on 15 August 1947. During the parcel of India, a large number of Hindu and Sikh exiles, predominantly from West Punjab fled to Delhi, while numerous Muslim occupants of the city moved to Pakistan.
The Economy of the City
It is the largest commercial city of north India. According to the reports of 2016, the city had $370 billion, which is the largest GDP of a metro area in India. The tertiary sector is the major contributor towards the Gross State Domestic Product of the city, constituting about 70.95% of the state’s GSDP. The major industries of the city are information technology, telecommunications, media, tourism, banking and hotels.
The culture of the City
Its culture is greatly influenced by the culture of Punjab. This can be attributed to the fact that that large number of Sikhs migrated from Pakistan to India during the partition in 1947 and settled in Delhi. Some famous masterpiece of modern art such as Laxmi Narayan Temple, Akshardham temple, ISKON temple, and Gurudwara Bangla Sahib are situated in the city. India’s largest masjid, the Jama Masjid is located in the city. Three of the most famous World Heritage Sites which are the Red Fort, Qutub Minar and Humayun’s Tomb are situated in the city.
The major religious festivals of the city include Diwali, Holi, Lohri, Durga Puja, Guru Nanak Jayanti and Eid ul-Fitr.
This article will clear your misconception about the term “capital of Delhi”, which is a wrong term because the city of Delhi is itself the capital of India. You will have an insight into the city’s history, culture and economy through this article.