The capital of China is Beijing. It was formerly known as Peking. It happens to be the third most populous city in the world and the most populous capital city in the world. The capital of China, Beijing is governed as a municipality by the central government directly. It covers an area of about 16,410 sq. km and has a population of around 21,707,000. The capital of China, Beijing is one of the oldest cities of human civilization. Its history dates back to three millennia. The inland of the city is surrounded by mountains from three sides. Due to this,
it was a perfect place to be posted as the center of the emperor rule and provided a natural defense against the enemies. The city has seven UNESCO World Heritage sites, which are the Temple of Heaven, Forbidden City, Ming Tombs, Grand Canal, Summer Palace, Great Canal, and Zhoukoudian.
- Area: 16,410
- Population: 21,707,000
Information about China Capital
China, which is officially known as the People’s Republic of China is the most populous country in the world. It is situated in East Asia. It is one of the world’s oldest civilizations. It covers an area of 9,596,961 sq. km. Information about China asserts that the country has been expanded, divided and re-unified multiple times in its history. The politics of the country has been Monarchy type, since the beginning, with Xia dynasty as its first ruling empire.
- Area: 9,596,961
- Population: 1,403,500,365
- Languages: Standard Chinese, Mongolian, Uyghur, Tibetan, Zhuang
History of China
The first dynasty of the country was Xia dynasty. It was founded in 21000 BCE. This dynasty was succeeded by the Shang Dynasty. It ruled the region of the country between 17th and 11th century BCE. The famous Silk Route, which connected the region of the country to the middle-east countries of the world via India was built during the Han dynasty. The economy, culture, and technology of the country reached its golden age during the rule of Tang and Song dynasties.
It was 1st January 1912 when the Republic of China was formed. Sun-Yat-sen was declared as provincial president. During the period of 1916, the country was politically divided and the government of Beijing had no real control over the territory. Most of the territory of China was controlled by the local landlords.
The Kuomintang reunited the country under its control. Subsequently, the Second World War broke out and this country was one of the major Allies. After the war ended, the distrust between the Kuomintang and the communists arose by many-fold and this marked the beginning of the Chinese Civil War. The war ended in 1949 and the Communist Party took control of mainland China. Mao Zedong, the chairman of the Communist Party of China declared the establishment of the People’s Republic of China on 21st September 1949.
Economy of China
China had the biggest economy on the planet for the greater part of the previous two thousand years, amid which it has seen cycles of thriving and decline. Since monetary changes started in 1978, the country has formed into an exceptionally broadened economy and a standout amongst the most considerable players in universal exchange. A major sector.
of the country’s economy includes mining, steel, textiles, manufacturing, automobiles, and telecommunications. The capital of China, Beijing is one of the major contributors to the economy of the country.
According to the 2017 reports of the International Monetary Fund, this country had the second largest economy in the world with a nominal GDP of $12.014 trillion. This country is one of the technology hubs of the world and comprises of manufacturing units of numerous technology giants.