The capital of Australia is Canberra. It covers an area of about 814 sq. Km and happens to be the largest city in the country. Canberra has a population of 410,301 and is situated in the northern part of the Australian Capital Territory. It was officially recognized as the capital of the country in 1908 after long competition between Sydney and Canberra. The capital of Australia is important in terms of governmental and administrative activities. The economy of the city is mainly based on public administration industry and safety industry.
Facts about Australia
Australia is located on the Australian Continent. The country is the mainland region of the Australian Continent, which also includes the island of Tasmania. The official term for the country is the Commonwealth of Australia. It ranks sixth on the scale of the largest country in terms of area. The neighbors of the country are Indonesia, Papua New Guinea, East Timor, Solomon Islands, New Zealand, and Vanuatu. Sydney is the largest city in the country. A major portion of the population of the country is urbanized.
Area: 7,692,024 sq. km
History of the country
The indigenous Australian culture and civilization are believed to be the oldest continuous civilization of the world. The aboriginal peoples of the island country practiced hunting and gathering. They were dependent on stone stools. The Dutch were the first European who migrated to the island and established their settlement. The period of 1606 saw the first arrival of European on the island.
The Federation of British colonies on the Australian island grouped together under the British leadership and formed the Federation of Australia on 1st January 1901. It formed the Commonwealth of Australia and was subordinated under the British rule. Australia joined the British as an ally during the First World War in 1914. This was the turning point for the history of the country. The war invoked the feeling of nationhood among the people of Australia. The Kokoda Track Campaign, which was the battle fought in the Second World War between the Japanese and the Australians further deepened the feeling of nationhood.
The Statute of Westminster 1931 officially ended the British rule in Australia. Subsequently, following the defeat of the United Kingdom at the hands of the Japanese in the Second World War, Australia parted with the United States as its newly.
The Economy of the Country
Australia is counted among the wealthy countries in the world. It has high per capita GDP as well as low poverty ratio. According to the Global Wealth Report 2018, it ranked second in terms of average wealth in the country. It got 5th position in the Index of Economic Freedom, 2017. With per capita GDP of $56,291, it is ranked sixth in terms of highest per capita GDP. The country has always focused on exports rather than imports and this is one of the major reasons for the rich economy of the country. The capital of Australia is a significantly rich city and contributes handsomely towards the GDP of the country.
The culture of the Country
The culture of the country is greatly influenced by the traditions and values of Anglo-Celtic Culture. Asian influence can also be witnessed in the country’s culture. The television and media of the country are largely influenced by America.
Football and Cricket are the major sports in the country. The Australian Cricket Team has always been among the best. Rugby is also popular in the country.